What is GDPR and How Does It Impact Your Business?
The internet has dramatically changed the way we communicate and how we even handle everyday tasks. We send emails, we share documents, we pay bills and we purchase goods by entering our personal details all online and without a second thought.
Have you ever stopped to wonder how much personal data you have online? Or what happens to that information?
We’re talking about banking information, contacts, addresses, social media posts, and even your IP address and the sites that you’ve visited are all stored digitally.
Companies tell you that they collect this type of information so that they can serve you better, offer you more targeted and relevant communications, all to provide you a better customer experience.
But, is that what they really use the data for?
This is the question that has been asked and answered by the EU, and why in May 2018 a new European privacy regulation called GDPR will be enforced and permanently change the way you collect, store and use customer data.
In this article, we will help you understand what GDPR is, how it will impact your business and include practical tips on how you start preparing for GDPR today.
What is GDPR?
On May 25, 2018, a new European privacy regulation called The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into effect. This regulation will be implemented in all local privacy laws across the entire EU and EEA region. It will apply to all companies selling to and storing personal information about citizens in Europe, including companies on other continents. It provides citizens of the EU and EEA with greater control over their personal data and assurances that their information is being securely protected across Europe.
According to the GDPR directive, personal data is any information related to a person such as a name, a photo, an email address, bank details, posts on social networking websites, location details, medical information, or a computer IP address.
There is no distinction between personal data about individuals in their private, public or work roles – the person is the person. Also in a B2B setting, everything is about individuals interacting and sharing information with and about each other. Customers in B2B markets are obviously companies, but the relationships that handle the business topics are people – or individuals.
Under the GDPR, individuals have:
1. Consent has to be given
Businesses may not process the personal information of individuals unless they have been freely given a specific, informed and unambiguous indication of consent either by a statement or by a clear ‘affirmative action’.
2. The right to access
This means that individuals have the right to request access to their personal data and to ask how their data is used by the company after it has been gathered. The company must provide a copy of the personal data, free of charge and in electronic format if requested.
3. The right to be forgotten
If individuals are no longer customers, or if they withdraw their consent from a company to use their personal data, then they have the right to have their data deleted.
4. The right to data portability
Individuals have a right to transfer their data from one service provider to another. And it must happen in a commonly used and machine readable format.
5. The right to be informed
This covers any gathering of data by companies, and individuals must be informed before data is gathered. Consumers have to opt in for their data to be gathered, and consent must be freely given rather than implied.
6. The right to have information corrected
This ensures that individuals can have their data updated if it is out of date or incomplete or incorrect.
7. The right to restrict processing
Individuals can request that their data is not used for processing. Their record can remain in place, but not be used.
8. The right to object
This includes the right to inividuals to stop the processing of their data for direct marketing. There are no exemptions to this rule, and any processing must stop as soon as the request is received. In addition, this right must be made clear to individuals at the very start of any communication.
9. The right to be notified
If there has been a data breach which compromises an individual’s personal data, the individual has a right to be informed within 72 hours of first having become aware of the breach.
The GDPR is the EU’s way of giving individuals, prospects, customers, contractors and employees more power over their data and less power to the organizations that collect and use such data for monetary gain.
The Business Implications of GDPR
This new data protection law puts the consumer in the driver’s seat, and the task of complying with this law falls upon businesses and organizations.
In short, the GDPR applies to all businesses and organizations established in the EU, regardless of whether the data processing takes place in the EU or not. Even non-EU established organizations will be subject to GDPR. If your business offers goods and/ or services to citizens in the EU, then it’s subject to GDPR.
All organizations and companies that work with personal data should appoint a data protection officer or data controller who is in charge of GDPR compliance.
There are tough penalties for those companies and organizations who don’t comply with GDPR with fines up to 4% of annual global revenue or 20 million Euros, whichever is greater.
Many people might think that the GDPR is just an IT issue, but that is the furthest from the truth. It has broad-sweeping implications for the whole company, including the way companies handle marketing and sales activities.
The Impact of GDPR on Customer Engagement
The conditions for obtaining consent are stricter under GDPR as the individual must have the right to withdraw consent at any time and there is a presumption that consent will not be valid unless separate consents are obtained for different processing activities.
This means you have to be able to prove that the individual agreed to a certain action, to receive a newsletter for instance. It is not allowed to assume or add a disclaimer, and providing an opt-out option is not enough.
This changes a lot of things for companies such as the way marketing and sales activities are managed. Companies will have to review business processes, applications and forms to be compliant with double opt-in rules and email marketing best practices. In order to sign up for communications, prospects will have to fill out a form or tick a box and then confirm it was their actions in a further email.
Organizations must prove that consent was given in a case where an individual objects to receiving the communication. This means that any data held, must have an audit trail that is time stamped and reporting information that details what the contact opted into and how.
If you purchase marketing lists, you are still responsible for getting the proper consent information, even if a vendor or outsourced partner was responsible for gathering the data.
In the B2B world, sales people meet potential customers at a trade show, they exchange business cards, and when they come back to the office, they add the contacts to the company’s mailing list. In 2018, this will not be possible anymore. Companies will have to look at new ways of collecting customer information.
Initial preparations for May 2018
A key component of the GDPR legislation is privacy by design.
Privacy by design requires that all departments in a company look closely at their data and how they handle it. There are many things a company will have to do in order to be compliant with GDPR. Here are just a few first steps to get your started:
1. Map your company’s data
Map where all of the personal data in your entire business comes from and document what you do with the data. Identify where the data resides, who can access it and if there are any risks to the data.
2. Determine what data you need to keep
Don’t keep more information than necessary and remove any data that isn’t used. If your business collects a lot of data without any real benefit, you won’t be able to do this in a GDPR world. GDPR will encourage a more disciplined treatment of personal data.
In the clean-up process, ask yourself:
- Why exactly are we archiving this data instead of just erasing it? •
- Why are we saving all this data?
- What are we trying to achieve by collecting all these categories of personal information?
- Is the financial gain of deleting this information greater than encrypting it?
3. Put security measures in place
Develop and implement safeguards throughout your infrastructure to help contain any data breaches. This means putting security measures in place to guard against data breaches, and taking quick action to notify individuals and authorities in the event a breach does occur.
Make sure to check with your suppliers also. Outsourcing doesn’t exempt you from being liable. You need to make sure that they have the right security measures in place also.
4. Review your documentation
Under GDPR, individuals have to explicitly consent to the acquisition and processing of their data. Pre-checked boxes and implied consent may not be acceptable anymore. You will have to review all of your privacy statements and disclosures and adjust them where needed.
5. Establish procedures for handling personal data
As we mentioned earlier, individuals have 8 basic rights under GDPR.
You will need to establish policies and procedures for how you will handle each of these situations.
- How can individuals give content in a legal manner?
- What is the process if an individual wants his data to be deleted?
- How will you ensure that it is done across all platforms and that it really is deleted?
- If an individual wants his data to be transferred, how will you do it?
- How will you confirm that the person who requested to have his data transferred is the person he says he is?
- What is the communication plan in case of a data breach?
Data is a valuable currency in this new world.
And while GDPR does create challenges and pain for us as businesses, it also creates opportunity.
Companies who show they value an individual’s privacy (beyond mere legal compliance), who are transparent about how the data is used, who design and implement new and improved ways of managing customer data throughout its lifecycle build deeper trust and more loyal customers.
The May 2018 deadline may seem a long way off at the moment, but before you know it, a year will have passed. If you haven’t already started your journey, we urge you to start now. Dedicate time to understand what you need to do in order to become compliant and use the practical tips shared in this article to help you get started.
Then, create a plan of action for your journey to GDPR so that when May 2018 rolls along you’re calm and relaxed and you can answer all your customers’ questions regarding compliance.
If you`re interested to know more about how GDPR affects your customer data, please contact us!
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